Obama’s State Of The Union Was Written For A 10th-Grader

Our data shows how Obama's speech compared with States of the Union back as far as Woodrow Wilson

President Obama’s 2015 State of the Union address was written for a 10th-grader, which makes it the most high-minded of all his SOTU speeches, a data analysis by Vocativ reveals.

Generally, in order for Obama to make himself understood to the broadest possible swath of the population, he tailors his speeches to the intellect of a 14-year-old. But over the last few years, the grade level of the president’s speeches has edged up. Vocativ analyzed all of Obama’s SOTU addresses using the Flesch-Kincaid readability test—the most widely recognized reading comprehension algorithm—and gave each speech a numerical grade. Roughly speaking, the spectrum begins at first grade and goes up from there, corresponding to elementary, middle and high school, and then to college and graduate school.

Grade Level of President Obama’s State of the Union Speeches

Vocativ also calculated the average SOTU grade for every president dating back to Woodrow Wilson, when it first became the norm to deliver such speeches before a joint session of Congress. Before Wilson, it was typically presented as a written report. Over the last century, the State of the Union’s sophistication has trended steadily downwards.

Average State of the Union Scores Per President

But there’s more to the story. Using the same method, Vocativ published an interactive graphic in October analyzing over 600 presidential speeches. The same downward trend in sophistication was reflected over time, but according to Jeff Shesol, a former Clinton speechwriter, this is not reflective of a less intelligent society. In fact, the trend indicates progress.

“It’s tempting to read this as a dumbing down of the bully pulpit,” Shesol said. “But it’s actually a sign of democratization. In the early Republic, presidents could assume that they were speaking to audiences made up mostly of men like themselves: educated, civic-minded landowners. These, of course, were the only Americans with the right to vote. But over time, the franchise expanded and presidential appeals had to reach a broader audience.” That, and the advent of mass communication.

Now, when President Obama addresses the country, he is addressing everyone.

SOCIETY

Porn's Race Problem

Tracy Clark-Flory
US POLITICS

We Played Rand Paul's Space Invader Game So You Don't Have To

Jennings Brown
SYRIA

Migrant Rescue Charity Gets $1 Million In Donations After Viral Photo

Saar Fresco
CRIME

Teens Involved In "Experimental" Sexting Don't Often Face Prosecution

Tracy Clark-Flory
JUSTICE

A Brief History Of: Kim Davis Vs. Gay America

Jennings Brown
Data

Jim Harbaugh Has About a 50% Chance of Being a Good College Coach

Thomas MacMillan
SAUDI ARABIA

The Price For Saudi Support On Iran Deal? U.S. Help In Yemen War

Shane Dixon Kavanaugh
SYRIA

These 13 Photos Show The Faces Of Syrian Refugee Struggle

Ryan Beckler