RACE

Anti-Semites Find A New Way To Make Parentheses Offensive

The newest shot across the bow in the ongoing anti-Semitic cyber-war looks like this: ))) (((

RACE
Illustration: Vocativ
Jun 30, 2016 at 11:47 AM ET

Who knew that a little bracket used to denote an aside would some day serve as ammunition in the online war between anti-Semites and equal rights activists?

The media figured out earlier in June that bigots were putting triple parentheses around the names of Jewish people, as a way of encouraging other trolls to harass them. Non-racists and anti-discrimination activists on social media then started to mock the harassers in an act of solidarity by putting their own Twitter handles between parentheses. But the racist trolls are back, and they’re armed with a new tactic: outward-facing parentheses surrounding their own social media handles. For example, )))Racist Troll(((.

The outward parentheses are a recent development, though it’s difficult to tell exactly when they first surfaced. Vocativ found dozens of users, most proudly affiliated with neo-Nazi and alt-right causes, who’d added them to their user names over the last few weeks. The choice of the symbol may have come, in part, because it flies under the radar, since Twitter’s algorithm makes it nearly impossible to search for parentheses.

The ((())) trend took off weeks earlier, with anti-Semites across the racist Twitter-sphere using the triple parentheses as a call-out on social media to flag those who their cyber-army of bloviating bigots should troll and harass—they would put the person’s name inside of three parenthesis when they used it on social media. For example, “something offensive about (((James King))).” One noted racist described it as “closed captioning for the Jew Blind.” It’s also referred to as echoes, and it’s linked to a tech-savvy group of far-right-wing online trolls who are part of the “alt-right” movement.

As Vocativ reported earlier this month, this type of online harassment reached a fever-pitch after two well-known bigots, and unapologetic supporters of Donald Trump—Andrew Anglin and Andrew Auern­heimer—targeted journalists like Julia Ioffe, who wrote a profile of Melania Trump, Donald Trump’s wife, for GQ magazine. In a post on his Daily Stormer blog, Anglin—under the headline “Empress Melania Attacked by Filthy Russian Kike Julia Ioffe in GQ“—encouraged his readers to “please go ahead and send [Ioffe] a tweet and let her know what you think of her dirty kike trickery.”

The Anti-Defamation League, a civil rights advocacy group that tracks bigots like Anglin, said that he essentially declared “war” on Jewish journalists. “You’ve all pro­voked us. You’ve been doing it for decades—and cen­turies even—and we’ve finally had enough. Chal­lenge has been accepted,” Anglin wrote.

The ADL has since formed a task force comprised of journalists, academics, and law enforcement officials to look at three things: assess the scope of the problem, determine whether this sort of harassment is affecting the electorate, and to come up with “solutions and/or countermeasures that can prevent journalists becoming targets” of online harassment.

“Journalists are used to being criticized, but this election cycle we repeatedly have seen criticism quickly cross the line into ugly anti-Semitic and other hateful attacks including death threats,” said Jonathan A. Greenblatt, the ADL’s chief executive officer. “ADL has been monitoring, studying, and speaking out against anti-Semitism, racism, and other hate for years. We hope to bring our experience to this latest manifestation of it so we can take steps to address this challenge even as we strive to ensure that we do not jeopardize free speech and a free press.”